The Department of BCMB is engaged in a broad range of interdisciplinary activities. There are a variety of connections across the UT campus, at Oak Ridge National Lab, and beyond. Examples of important research centers and partners with which BCMB researchers interact are given below:
BCMB’s strong research area in plant sciences provides a natural opportunity to build bridges to the UT Institute of Agriculture. Recently, faculty working in plant sciences from many departments across the Knoxville and Agricultural campuses and ORNL have joined forces to establish the Tennessee Plant Research Center (PRC). Established in 2010, PRC brings plant scientists together for monthly colloquia with both internal and external speakers. PRC faculty are interested in combining resources to advance training, particularly at the graduate level, to promote plant science in the Knoxville area. Andreas Nebenführ is BCMB’s liaison to PRC and also serves as PRC co-director together with Neal Stewart (Dept. of Plant Sciences).
The NeuroNET Research Center was formed in 2014 under the leadership of Rebecca Prosser (current Director) and Jim Hall. It comprises more than 100 scientists across multiple colleges on campus, the UT Medical Center of Knoxville, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The NeuroNET Research Center seeks to unite and expand Neuroscience research and education in and around UT and act as a catalyst for innovative Neuroscience research that will attract world-class scientists, clinicians, and students. Research expertise within NeuroNET includes Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience, Cognitive and Behavioral Neuroscience, Systems Neuroscience, Neural Engineering and Computational Neuroscience, and Clinical Neuroscience/Nervous System Disorders.
The CMB was established in 2006 by Jeremy Smith and his colleagues. The principal scientists in the group include Smith, Jerome Baudry, Hong Guo, and Tongye Shen from BCMB, as well as Xiaolin Cheng, an ORNL scientist who is a joint faculty member with BCMB. CMB’s goal is to study and understand the function of biologically relevant molecular systems by employing high-performance computer simulations in combination with biophysical experiments. Project highlights include work on protein dynamics, catalysis, petascale molecular dynamics, the cellulosome, dynamic visualization of lignocellulose, and biomass recalcitrance. The center takes advantage of the computing power available at UT and ORNL, which house two of the top five performing computers in the world at present.
The computational power on which the CMB draws comes from several resources, including the high-performing computer power housed at ORNL through Jaguar, which is the primary research computer at the ORNL Leadership Computing Center, and Kraken, which is managed through NICS. NICS was established at UT as a product of a $65M Track 2B award by the National Science Foundation. The mission of NICS is to enable the scientific discoveries of researchers nationwide by providing cutting-edge computational resources and education, outreach, and training.
UT is home to NIMBioS, an institute dedicated to promoting research at the interface of biology and mathematics. The institute was established in 2008 when UT was chosen as the site for a new center in an open competition with major research entities across the country for the five-year, $16M award. Lou Gross (Math, EEB) is the director of NIMBioS, and Cynthia Peterson serves on the leadership team for the institute in the role of associate director for Graduate Education. NIMBioS arose from a new collaboration between the National Science Foundation, the US Department of Homeland Security, and the US Department of Agriculture. The ongoing challenges of maintaining a safe food supply, avoiding economic disruptions caused by emerging infectious diseases, and evaluating methods to better manage the inevitable disease outbreaks that develop due to globalization, may best be investigated by integrating modeling and mathematics with the biological studies which are critical to the formulation of public policy to address these challenges. NIMBioS focuses the talents of researchers from around the world to collaborate across disciplinary boundaries and take an integrative approach to investigate these challenges to linked natural and human social systems. NIMBioS is a national resource, hosting teams of scientists from across the world in working groups and workshops who submit proposals that are reviewed on a competitive basis.
An NSF EPSCoR Track 1 (research infrastructure building) grant has been awarded to UT, with David Millhorn (vice president for research, BCMB) as the PI. The grant is a $24M award ($20M from NSF and $4M in cost sharing) over five years. The overall theme of TN-SCORE has been separated into three main scientific thrust teams: Thrust 1: Advanced Solar Conversion and Innovation, Thrust 2: Components and Devices for Energy Storage and Conversion, and Thrust 3: Nanostructures for Enhancing Energy Efficiency. Barry Bruce from BCMB is one of the three thrust leaders, heading Thrust 1 with a program entitled “TASCIT- Tennessee Advanced Solar Conversion and Innovation Team”. The overall theme of the proposal is “building a culture of collaboration,” and it involves more than fifty faculty members from ten institutions across the state of Tennessee.
The primary mission of SEERC is to promote research and education in the area of sustainable energy. SEERC is primarily housed in the College of Engineering, with Bamin Khomami as the center’s director. Barry Bruce is the center’s associate director, representing the College of Arts and Sciences and bioenergy/biofuels efforts. SEERC aims to leverage partnerships with ORNL, the Department of Energy, and with many institutes across campus in its research, education, and innovation efforts. The strategy adopted by SEERC is the strategic investment of resources to fund, seed research and educational projects, and develop infrastructure to further strengthen existing areas of excellence in sustainable energy and/or promote new directions.
ORNL houses two facilities for performing experiments with neutrons that are valuable for biologists, and particularly for several within BCMB who have worked at these facilities (professors Baudry, Jain, Peterson, Serpersu, and Smith). These are the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), housing instruments for small-angle neutron scattering experiments, and the Spallation Neuron Source (SNS), where a workstation for neutron crystallography for biological samples is scheduled for completion in 2012. Other instruments at the SNS are used for a variety of measurements on biological samples at various time and length scales. Access to these instruments and education/research revolving around neutron science is supported by the activities of an institute formed between UT and ORNL, the Joint Institute for Neutron Sciences (JINS). JINS was conceived to serve as an intellectual hub for the neutron science community and to enhance and support research at SNS and HFIR.
Neutron sciences are also promoted through activities at the Center for Structural Molecular Biology at ORNL. The CSMB, which is spearheaded by Dean Myles at ORNL, is dedicated to developing instrumentation and methods for determining the three-dimensional structures of proteins, nucleic acids (DNA/RNA), and their higher order complexes. The tools of the CSMB will help understand how these macromolecular systems are formed and how they interact with other systems in living cells. The focus of the CSMB is to bridge the information gap between cellular function and the molecular mechanisms that drive it. The suite of tools being developed by the CSMB includes SANS capabilities, isotope labeling laboratories, computational techniques for analyzing SANS data, and neutron diffraction, spectroscopy, and scattering tools.
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