- Basic Research
- Applied Research
- Grant Writing
- Some areas of specialization:
- Healthcare: virology, immunology, enzymology
- Pharmacology: drug properties, interactions, application and development
- Environmental: testing, air, water, and waste management, regulation
- Agricultural: crop production, herbicide/pesticide development and application
- Food science: preservation, nutrition
- Cosmeceutical: development and application
- Forensic: toxicology, DNA analysis, scientific instrumentation
- University laboratories
- Federal government laboratories/agencies:
- National Science Foundation
- National Institutes of Health
- Food and Drug Administration
- Environmental Protection Agency
- Department of Agriculture
- Department of Energy
- Armed Services
- State and local government laboratories/agencies
- Public health departments
- Hospital laboratories
- Commercial medical laboratories
- Private testing laboratories including forensics
- Independent research foundations
- Food processing
- Bachelor’s degree in biochemistry, biology, or chemistry qualifies one for laboratory technician or research assistant positions.
- Choose courses with laboratory components to build experimental and instrumentation skills.
- Gain experience in area of interest through internships, research with professors and/or complete a senior research project.
- Complete a certificate training program, usually one year, to learn specialized laboratory techniques.
- Take a course in grant writing.
- Earn master’s degree in biochemistry for advanced positions, greater responsibility, and higher pay.
- Obtain Ph.D. to direct research projects and lead research teams.